3 years ago

Co-Solvent Effect in the Processing of the Perovskite:Fullerene Blend Films for Electron Transport Layer-Free Solar Cells

Co-Solvent Effect in the Processing of the Perovskite:Fullerene
Blend Films for Electron Transport Layer-Free Solar Cells
Andrey Chuvilin, Jorge Pascual, Giulia Grancini, Elisa Palacios-Lidon, Ramón Tena-Zaera, Juan Luis Delgado, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin, Ivet Kosta, Hans J. Grande
An understanding of the improvements achieved in the use of cosolvents for methylammonium lead triiodide (MAPbI3):C70 blend films (MAPbI3:C70) processing is presented. A comparative study using aromatic (i.e., o-xylene and o-dichlorobenzene) and aliphatic (i.e., methylcyclohexane and chlorocyclohexane) cosolvents proves the nature of the cosolvent interacting with fullerene to be determining for achieving enhanced devices. UV–vis spectra of the different C70 solutions suggest a major impact of the solute–aromatic solvent interactions on the optoelectronic properties. The effect of aromatic and aliphatic solvents in the electronic structure of C70 crystals, obtained from the different solutions, is indeed demonstrated by electron energy loss spectroscopy. Morphological studies show elimination of pinholes (field emission scanning electron microscopy) and different nanometric features related to fullerene (atomic force microscopy) in MAPbI3:C70 blend films processed using aromatic cosolvents. A severe quenching of the perovskite emission is observed, suggesting that electron transfer happens from MAPbI3 to C70 in the MAPbI3:C70 blend films. Furthermore, a faster charge transfer seems to occur in blend films processed using aromatic cosolvents.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11141

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11141

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