5 years ago

Family of Papain-Like Fungal Chimerolectins with Distinct Ca2+-Dependent Activation Mechanism

Family of Papain-Like Fungal Chimerolectins with Distinct Ca2+-Dependent Activation Mechanism
Ute Krengel, Gabriele Cordara, Dipankar Manna
An important function of fungal lectins is to protect their host. Marasmius oreades agglutinin (MOA) is toxic to nematodes and exerts its protective effect through protease activity. Its proteolytic function is associated with a papain-like dimerization domain. The closest homologue of MOA is Polyporus squamosus lectin 1a (PSL1a). Here, we probed PSL1a for catalytic activity and confirmed that it is a calcium-dependent cysteine protease, like MOA. The X-ray crystal structures of PSL1a (1.5 Å) and MOA (1.3 Å) in complex with calcium and the irreversible cysteine protease inhibitor E-64 elucidated the structural basis for their mechanism of action. The comparison with other calcium-dependent proteases (calpains, LapG) reveals a unique metal-dependent activation mechanism relying on a calcium-induced backbone shift and intradimer cooperation. Intriguingly, the enzymes appear to use a tyrosine-gating mechanism instead of pro-peptide processing. A search for potential MOA orthologues suggests the existence of a whole new family of fungal chimerolectins with these unique features.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00317

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00317

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.