3 years ago

Playing with universality classes of Barkhausen avalanches.

Rubem Luis Sommer, Carlos Chesman, Marcio Assolin Correa, Rafael Domingues Della Pace, Núbia Ribeiro Machado, Felipe Bohn, Gianfranco Durin

Many systems crackle, from earthquakes and financial market to Barkhausen effect in ferromagnetic materials. Despite the diversity in essence, the noise emitted in these dynamical systems consists of avalanche-like events with broad range of sizes and durations, characterized by power-law avalanche distributions and typical average avalanche shape that are signatures dependent on the universality class of the underlying dynamics. Here we focus on the crackling noise in ferromagnets and scrutinize the traditional statistics of Barkhausen avalanches in polycrystalline and amorphous ferromagnetic films having different thicknesses. We show how scaling exponents and average shape of the avalanches evolve with the structural character of the materials and film thickness. We find quantitative agreement between experiment and theoretical predictions of models for the magnetic domain wall dynamics, and then elucidate the universality classes of Barkhausen avalanches in ferromagnetic films. Thereby, we observe for the first time the dimensional crossover in the domain wall dynamics, and the outcomes of the interplay between system dimensionality and range of interactions governing the domain wall dynamics on Barkhausen avalanches.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09948

DOI: arXiv:1801.09948v1

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