5 years ago

Systematic Analysis of Lysine Acetylation in the Halophilic Archaeon Haloferax mediterranei

Systematic Analysis of Lysine Acetylation in the Halophilic Archaeon Haloferax mediterranei
Qian Wang, Dahe Zhao, Xiongjian Jiang, Hua Xiang, Jing Han, Haibo Yang, Yuanming Luo, Jingfang Liu
Lysine acetylation is a reversible and highly regulated post-translational modification that plays a critical role in regulating many aspects of cellular processes, both in bacteria and in eukaryotes. However, this modification has not been systematically studied in archaea. Herein, we report the lysine acetylome of a model haloarchaeon, Haloferax mediterranei. Using immunoaffinity enrichment and LC–MS/MS analysis, we identified 1017 acetylation sites in 643 proteins, accounting for 17.3% of the total proteins in this haloarchaeon. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that lysine acetylation mainly distributes in cytoplasm (94%) and participates in protein biosynthesis and carbon metabolism. Specifically, the acetylation of key enzymes in PHBV biosynthesis further suggested that acetylation plays a key role in the energy and carbon storage. In addition, a survey of the acetylome revealed a universal rule in acetylated motifs: a positively charged residue (K, R, or H) located downstream of acetylated lysine at the positions +1, +2, or +3. Interestingly, we identified acetylation in several replication initiation proteins Cdc6; mutation on the acetylated site of Cdc6A destroyed the Autonomous Replication Sequence (ARS) activity of its adjacent origin oriC1. Our study indicates that lysine acetylation is an abundant modification in H. mediterranei, and plays key roles in the processes of replication, protein biosynthesis, central metabolism, and carbon storage. This acetylome of H. mediterranei provides opportunities to explore the physiological role of acetylation in halophilic archaea.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00222

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00222

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