3 years ago

The Standard Model in extra dimensions and its Kaluza-Klein effective Lagrangian.

I. García-Jiménez, H. Novales-Sánchez, G. I. Nápoles-Cañedo, J. J. Toscano, E. Martínez-Pascual, M. A. López-Osorio

We construct an effective theory for the SM with extra dimensions. We start from a theory governed by the extra-dimensional groups ISO$(1,3+n)$ and $G_{\rm SM}({\cal M}^{4+n})=SU_C(3,{\cal M}^{4+n})\times SU_L(2,{\cal M}^{4+n})\times U_Y(1,{\cal M}^{4+n})$, characterized by an unknown energy scale $\Lambda$ and valid at energies far below this scale. Assuming that the extra dimensions are much larger than the distance scale of this theory, we construct an effective theory with symmetry groups ISO(1,3), $G_{\rm SM}({\cal M}^{4})$. The theories are connected by a canonical transformation that hides ISO$(1,3+n)$, $G_{\rm SM}({\cal M}^{4+n})$ into ISO(1,3), $G_{\rm SM}({\cal M}^{4})$; KK fields receive mass. Using a set of orthogonal functions $\{f^{(\underline{0})},f^{(\underline{m})}\}$, generated by the Casimir invariant $\bar{P}^2$ associated with the translations subgroup $T(n)\subset$ISO$(n)$, we expand the degrees of freedom of ISO$(1,3+n)$, $G_{\rm SM}({\cal M}^{4+n})$ in general Fourier series, whose coefficients are the degrees of freedom of ISO(1,3), $G({\cal M}^{4})$. These functions, which correspond to the projection on $\{|\bar{x}\big>\}$ of the discrete basis $\{|0\big>,|p^{(\underline{m})}\big>\}$ of $\bar{P}^2$, are central to define the effective theory. Components along the ground state $f^{(\underline{0})}=\big <\bar x|0\big>$ do not receive mass at the compactification scale, so they are the SM fields; components along excited states $f^{(\underline{m})}=\big<\bar x|p^{(\underline{m})}\big>$ get mass at this scale, so they are KK excitations. For any direction $|p^{(\underline{m})}\neq0\big>$ there are a massive gauge field and a pseudo-Goldstone boson. We stress resemblances of this mass-generating mechanism with the Englert-Higgs mechanism and discuss physical implications. We include a full catalog of Lagrangian terms that can be used to calculate Feynman rules.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1603.03128

DOI: arXiv:1603.03128v4

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.