3 years ago

Temperature-Dependence of the Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Overpotential: Part I. Two Parallel Mechanisms, One Phase Transition.

Michael Hess

It has been shown recently that the overpotential originating from ionic conduction of alkali-ions through the inner dense solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) is strongly non-linear. An empirical equation was proposed to merge the measured resistances from both galvanostatic cycling (GS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at 25$^{\circ}$C. Here, this analysis is extended to the full temperature range of batteries from -40$^{\circ}$C to +80$^{\circ}$C for Li, Na, K and Rb-metal electrodes in carbonate electrolytes. Two different transport mechanisms are found. The first one conducts alkali-ions at all measured temperatures. The second transport mechanism conducts ions for all seven measured Li-ion electrolytes and one out of four Na-ion electrolytes, however, only above a certain critical temperature $T_C$. At $T_C$ a phase transition is observed switching-off the more efficient transport mechanism and leaving only the general ion conduction mechanism. The associated overpotentials increase rapidly below $T_C$ depending on alkali-ion, salt and solvent and become a limiting factor during galvanostatic operation of all Li-ion electrolytes at low temperature. In general, the current analysis merges the SEI resistances measured by EIS ranging from 26 $\Omega$cm$^2$ for the best Li up to 292 M$\Omega$cm$^2$ for Rb electrodes to its galvanostatic response over seven orders of magnitude. The determined critical temperatures are between 0-25$^{\circ}$C for the tested Li and above 50$^{\circ}$C for Na electrolytes.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09676

DOI: arXiv:1801.09676v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.