Towards an effective theory of collective oscillations: Neutrino conversion in a neutrino flux.
Collective oscillations of supernova neutrinos above the neutrino sphere can be completely described by the propagation of individual neutrinos in external potentials and are in this sense a linear phenomenon. An effective theory of collective oscillations can be developed based on certain assumptions about time dependence of these potentials. General conditions for strong flavor transformations are formulated and these transformations can be interpreted as parametric resonance effects induced by periodic modulations of the potentials. A simplified and solvable example has been studied, where a probe neutrino is propagating in a flux of collinear neutrinos, such that $\nu \nu-$ interactions in the flux are absent. Properties of the parametric resonance are studied, and it is shown that integrations over energies and emission points of the flux neutrinos suppress modulations of the potentials and therefore strong transformations. The transformations are also suppressed by changes in densities of background neutrinos and electrons.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09751