3 years ago

Degradation Kinetics of Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells.

Richard H. Friend, Henry J. Snaith, Andrew J. Pearson, Neil C. Greenham, Jacob Tse-Wei Wang, Mejd Alsari, Zhiping Wang, Augusto Montisci, Samuele Lilliu

We explore the degradation behaviour under continuous illumination and direct oxygen exposure of inverted unencapsulated formamidinium(FA)0.83Cs0.17Pb(I0.8Br0.2)3, CH3NH3PbI3, and CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite solar cells. We continuously test the devices in-situ and in-operando with current-voltage sweeps, transient photocurrent, and transient photovoltage measurements, and find that degradation in the CH3NH3PbI3-xClx solar cells due to oxygen exposure occurs over shorter timescales than FA0.83Cs0.17Pb(I0.8Br0.2)3 mixed-cation devices. We attribute these oxygen-induced losses in the power conversion efficiencies to the formation of electron traps within the perovskite photoactive layer. Our results highlight that the formamidinium-caesium mixed-cation perovskites are much less sensitive to oxygen-induced degradation than the methylammonium-based perovskite cells, and that further improvements in perovskite solar cell stability should focus on the mitigation of trap generation during ageing.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09761

DOI: arXiv:1801.09761v1

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