Battery-like Supercapacitors from Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers Coated Diamond: Design and Demonstrator.
Battery-like supercapacitors feature high power and energy densities as well as long-term capacitance retention. The utilized capacitor electrodes are thus better to have large surface areas, high conductivity, high stability, and importantly be of binder free. Herein, vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (CNFs) coated boron-doped diamonds (BDD) are employed as the capacitor electrodes to construct battery-like supercapacitors. Grown via a thermal chemical vapor deposition technique, these CNFs/BDD hybrid films are binder free and own porous structures, resulting in large surface areas. Meanwhile, the containment of graphene layers and copper metal catalysts inside CNFs/BDD leads to their high conductivity. Electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs) and pseudocapacitors (PCs) are then constructed in the inert electrolyte (1.0 M H2SO4 solution) and in the redox-active electrolyte (1.0 M Na2SO4 + 0.05 M Fe(CN)63-/4-), respectively. For assembled two-electrode symmetrical supercapacitor devices, the capacitances of EDLC and PC devices reach 30 and 48 mF cm-2 at 10 mV s-1, respectively. They remain constant even after 10 000 cycles. The power densities are 27.3 kW kg-1 and 25.3 kW kg-1 for EDLC and PC devices, together with their energy densities of 22.9 Wh kg-1 and 44.1 Wh kg-1, respectively. The performance of formed EDLC and PC devices is comparable to market-available batteries. Therefore, the vertically aligned CNFs/BDD hybrid film is a suitable capacitor electrode material to construct high-performance battery-like and industry-orientated supercapacitors for flexible power devices.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09763