3 years ago

Biallelic Variants in CNPY3, Encoding an Endoplasmic Reticulum Chaperone, Cause Early-Onset Epileptic Encephalopathy

Biallelic Variants in CNPY3, Encoding an Endoplasmic Reticulum Chaperone, Cause Early-Onset Epileptic Encephalopathy
Hirotomo Saitsu, Kensuke Miyake, Chihiro Ohba, Tenpei Akita, Naomichi Matsumoto, Atsuo Fukuda, Mitsuhiro Kato, Akiyoshi Kakita, Noriko Miyake, Satoko Miyatake, Tianying Wang, Takuma Shibata, Mitsuko Nakashima, Hiroki Kitaura, Hiroyuki Wakamoto, Hiroki Mutoh, Kazushi Aoto, Hiroko Ikeda

Early-onset epileptic encephalopathies, including West syndrome (WS), are a group of neurological disorders characterized by developmental impairments and intractable seizures from early infancy. We have now identified biallelic CNPY3 variants in three individuals with WS; these include compound-heterozygous missense and frameshift variants in a family with two affected siblings (individuals 1 and 2) and a homozygous splicing variant in a consanguineous family (individual 3). All three individuals showed hippocampal malrotation. In individuals 1 and 2, electroencephalography (EEG) revealed characteristic fast waves and diffuse sharp- and slow-wave complexes. The fast waves were clinically associated with seizures. CNPY3 encodes a co-chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum and regulates the subcellular distribution and responses of multiple Toll-like receptors. The amount of CNPY3 in lymphoblastoid cells derived from individuals 1 and 2 was severely lower than that in control cells. Cnpy3-knockout mice exhibited spastic or dystonic features under resting conditions and hyperactivity and anxiolytic behavior during the open field test. Also, their resting EEG showed enhanced activity in the fast beta frequency band (20–35 Hz), which could mimic the fast waves in individuals 1 and 2. These data suggest that CNPY3 and Cnpy3 perform essential roles in brain function in addition to known Toll-like receptor-dependent immune responses.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/ajhg/fulltext/S0002-9297(18)30004-1

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.01.004

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