3 years ago

Deep-PRWIS: Periocular Recognition Without the Iris and Sclera Using Deep Learning Frameworks

a, o C. Neves, , Joã, Hugo Proenç
This paper is based on a disruptive hypothesis for periocular biometrics—in visible-light data, the recognition performance is optimized when the components inside the ocular globe (the iris and the sclera) are simply discarded, and the recognizer’s response is exclusively based on the information from the surroundings of the eye. As a major novelty, we describe a processing chain based on convolution neural networks (CNNs) that defines the regions-of-interest in the input data that should be privileged in an implicit way, i.e., without masking out any areas in the learning/test samples. By using an ocular segmentation algorithm exclusively in the learning data, we separate the ocular from the periocular parts. Then, we produce a large set of “multi-class” artificial samples, by interchanging the periocular and ocular parts from different subjects. These samples are used for data augmentation purposes and feed the learning phase of the CNN, always considering as label the ID of the periocular part. This way, for every periocular region, the CNN receives multiple samples of different ocular classes, forcing it to conclude that such regions should not be considered in its response. During the test phase, samples are provided without any segmentation mask and the network naturally disregards the ocular components, which contributes for improvements in performance. Our experiments were carried out in full versions of two widely known data sets (UBIRIS.v2 and FRGC) and show that the proposed method consistently advances the state-of-the-art performance in the closed-world setting, reducing the EERs in about 82% (UBIRIS.v2) and 85% (FRGC) and improving the Rank-1 over 41% (UBIRIS.v2) and 12% (FRGC).
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