3 years ago

Mathematical optimization of high dose-rate brachytherapy - derivation of a linear penalty model from a dose-volume model.

Björn Morén, Åsa Carlsson Tedgren, Torbjörn Larsson
High dose-rate brachytherapy is a method for cancer treatment where the radiation source is placed within the body, inside or close to a tumour. For dose planning, mathematical optimization techniques are being used in practice and the most common approach is to use a linear model which penalizes deviations from specified dose limits for the tumour and for nearby organs. This linear penalty model is easy to solve, but a weakness is the poor correlation of its objective value and the dose-volume objectives that are used clinically to evaluate dose distributions. Furthermore, the model contains parameters that have no clear clinical interpretation. Another approach for dose planning is to solve mixed-integer optimization models with explicit dose-volume constraints which include parameters that directly correspond to dose-volume objectives, and which are therefore tangible. The two mentioned models take the overall goals for dose planning into account in fundamentally different ways. We show that there is, however, a mathematical relatationship between them, by deriving a linear penalty model from a dose-volume model. This relationship has not been established before and improves the understanding of the linear penalty model. In particular, the parameters of the linear penalty model can be interpreted as dual variables in the dose-volume model.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/aaab83

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/aaab83

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