3 years ago

In vivo controlled release of fenretinide from long-acting release depots for chemoprevention of oral squamous cell carcinoma recurrence

In vivo controlled release of fenretinide from long-acting release depots for chemoprevention of oral squamous cell carcinoma recurrence
Local, long-acting release fenretinide (4HPR) millicylindrical implants were prepared and evaluated for their release kinetics in vivo and their ability to suppress oral cancer tumor explant growth. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)(PLGA) implants were prepared as a function of drug loading and the presence of various excipients (pore-formers, solubilizers, crystallization inhibitors) to enhance release of the insoluble 4HPR. Release kinetics and bioerosion of PLGA were monitored both in vitro in a PBS/Tween 80 buffer and in vivo by recovery of the drug remaining at the injection site. 4HPR was released from PLGA implants much slower in vivo than in the drug solubilizing media in vitro, with a 3-week lag phase and continuous release of >2 months, but showed some release enhancement by addition of solubilizers. Water-soluble PVA/sucrose implants for release of 4HPR served to determine if drug dissolution provided suitable controlled release without the PLGA, and this formulation showed continuous drug release over 6 weeks in vivo. Placement of PLGA-4HPR implants adjacent to oral cancer tumor murine xenografts showed inhibition of tumor growth relative to sham implants, indicating the potential for the local 4HPR delivery approach to be useful for oral cancer chemoprevention.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S037851731731092X

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