3 years ago

Molecular Dynamics Simulations Reveal Key Roles of the Interleukin-6 Alpha Receptor in the Assembly of the Human Interleukin-6 Receptor Complex

Molecular Dynamics Simulations Reveal Key Roles of the Interleukin-6 Alpha Receptor in the Assembly of the Human Interleukin-6 Receptor Complex
Vineet Panwalkar, Oliver Schillinger, Birgit Strodel, Andrew J. Dingley
Human interleukin-6 (hIL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine with three distinct receptor epitopes, termed sites I, II, and III, which function to assemble a signaling complex. hIL-6 signals via a glycoprotein 130 (gp130) homodimer after initially forming a heterodimer with the nonsignaling α-receptor (IL-6Rα). The molecular description of the assembly of the hIL-6 signaling complex remains elusive because available structures provide descriptions of hIL-6 in its free and fully bound receptor forms, but not for intermediate steps that are crucial in the stepwise assembly of the signaling complex. In this report, molecular dynamics simulations provide atomic details describing the functional role of the initial hIL-6/IL-6Rα complex in facilitating subsequent interactions with gp130, which have not been previously shown. IL-6Rα binding to hIL-6 rigidifies the flexible N-terminus of the hIL-6 AB-loop through interactions with the D2 domain of IL-6Rα. This rigidification combined with repositioning of residues involved in gp130 receptor recognition promotes gp130 binding at site III. Binding of gp130 receptors at sites II and III is coupled with the release of the hIL-6 N-terminal AB-loop interaction and a pivoting of IL-6Rα around the hIL-6 helix bundle to the state of the hIL-6/IL-6Rα/gp130 complex.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05732

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05732

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.