3 years ago

Designing Flavoprotein-GFP Fusion Probes for Analyte-Specific Ratiometric Fluorescence Imaging

Designing Flavoprotein-GFP Fusion Probes for Analyte-Specific
Ratiometric Fluorescence Imaging
Devin A. Hudson, Colin Thorpe, Jeffrey L. Caplan
The development of genetically encoded fluorescent probes for analyte-specific imaging has revolutionized our understanding of intracellular processes. Current classes of intracellular probes depend on the selection of binding domains that either undergo conformational changes on analyte binding or can be linked to thiol redox chemistry. Here we have designed novel probes by fusing a flavoenzyme, whose fluorescence is quenched on reduction by the analyte of interest, with a GFP domain to allow for rapid and specific ratiometric sensing. Two flavoproteins, Escherichia coli thioredoxin reductase and Saccharomyces cerevisiae lipoamide dehydrogenase, were successfully developed into thioredoxin and NAD+/NADH specific probes, respectively, and their performance was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. A flow cell format, which allowed dynamic measurements, was utilized in both bacterial and mammalian systems. In E. coli the first reported intracellular steady-state of the cytoplasmic thioredoxin pool was measured. In HEK293T mammalian cells, the steady-state cytosolic ratio of NAD+/NADH induced by glucose was determined. These genetically encoded fluorescent constructs represent a modular approach to intracellular probe design that should extend the range of metabolites that can be quantitated in live cells.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b01132

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b01132

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