3 years ago

The fraction of dark matter within galaxies from the IllustrisTNG simulations.

Rüdiger Pakmor, Paul Torrey, Rainer Weinberger, Annalisa Pillepich, Federico Marinacci, Volker Springel, Shy Genel, Mark R. Lovell, Dylan Nelson, Lars Hernquist, Mark Vogelsberger

We use the IllustrisTNG (TNG) cosmological simulations to provide theoretical expectations for the DM mass fractions (DMFs) and circular velocity profiles within the inner regions of haloes where galaxies reside. TNG predicts flat circular velocity curves for $z=0$ MW-like haloes beyond a few kpc from the galaxy centre, in better agreement with observational constraints than its predecessor, Illustris. TNG also predicts an enhancement of the DM mass within the 3D stellar half-mass radius ($r_{\rm half}$) of galaxies ($M_{200c}=10^{10}-10^{13}M_{\odot}$, $z\le 2$) in comparison to their DM-only and Illustris counterparts. This enhancement leads TNG present-day galaxies to be dominated by DM within their inner regions, with $f_{\rm DM} (< r_{\rm half}) \gtrsim 0.5$ at all masses and with a minimum for MW-mass haloes. The DMFs in $z=0$ TNG ellipticals are in broad agreement with the median, but not the scatter of e.g. the observed {\sc sluggs} galaxies, with $f_{\rm DM}(< 2-5 \times r_{\rm half})\sim 0.5-0.9$ in $M_{\rm stars}\gtrsim 10^{10}M_{\odot}$ galaxies. The DMFs measured within $r_{\rm half}$ decline towards higher redshifts, such evolution being dominated by the increase in galaxy size with time. At $z\sim2$, the DMF in disc-like TNG galaxies decreases with increasing galaxy mass, with $f_{\rm DM}(< r_{\rm half}) \sim 0.10-0.65$ for $10^{10} \lesssim M_{\rm stars}/M_{\odot} \lesssim 10^{12}$, and are two times higher than if TNG galaxies resided in NFW DM haloes unaffected by baryonic physics. It remains to be properly assessed whether recent observational estimates of the DMFs at $z\le2$ rule out the contraction of the DM haloes predicted by the TNG model.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.10170

DOI: arXiv:1801.10170v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.