3 years ago

Homozygous Truncating Variants in TBC1D23 Cause Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia and Alter Cortical Development

Homozygous Truncating Variants in TBC1D23 Cause Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia and Alter Cortical Development
Sheikh Riazuddin, Muhammad Zaman Assir, Anne de Saint Martin, Karen Runge, Hélène Dollfus, Patrick Nitchké, Elise Schaefer, Maria-Victoria Hinckelmann, Saima Riazuddin, Hans van Bokhoven, Marie-Aude Spitz, Zafar Iqbal, Frédéric Tran Mau-Them, Jean-François Deleuze, Ekaterina L. Ivanova, Arjan P.M. de Brouwer, Bénédicte Gérard, Vincent Laugel, Hossein Najmabadi, Mary Laura, Jamel Chelly, Nathalie Drouot, Hilger Ropers, Kimia Kahrizi, Attia Razzaq

Pontocerebellar hypoplasia (PCH) is a heterogeneous group of rare recessive disorders with prenatal onset, characterized by hypoplasia of pons and cerebellum. Mutations in a small number of genes have been reported to cause PCH, and the vast majority of PCH cases are explained by mutations in TSEN54, which encodes a subunit of the tRNA splicing endonuclease complex. Here we report three families with homozygous truncating mutations in TBC1D23 who display moderate to severe intellectual disability and microcephaly. MRI data from available affected subjects revealed PCH, small normally proportioned cerebellum, and corpus callosum anomalies. Furthermore, through in utero electroporation, we show that downregulation of TBC1D23 affects cortical neuron positioning. TBC1D23 is a member of the Tre2-Bub2-Cdc16 (TBC) domain-containing RAB-specific GTPase-activating proteins (TBC/RABGAPs). Members of this protein family negatively regulate RAB proteins and modulate the signaling between RABs and other small GTPases, some of which have a crucial role in the trafficking of intracellular vesicles and are involved in neurological disorders. Here, we demonstrate that dense core vesicles and lysosomal trafficking dynamics are affected in fibroblasts harboring TBC1D23 mutation. We propose that mutations in TBC1D23 are responsible for a form of PCH with small, normally proportioned cerebellum and should be screened in individuals with syndromic pontocereballar hypoplasia.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/ajhg/fulltext/S0002-9297(17)30288-4

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.07.010

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