The Composite Particle-Hole Spinor of the Lowest Landau Level.
We propose to form a two-component effective field theory from L = (L_ce + L_ch)/2, where L_ce is the Lagrangian of composite electrons with a Chern-Simons term, and L_ch is the particle-hole conjugate of L_ce - the Lagrangian of composite holes. In the theory, the two-component fermion field phi is a composite particle-hole spinor coupled to an emergent effective gauge field in the presence of a background electromagnetic field. The Chern-Simons terms for both the composite electrons and composite holes are exactly cancelled out, and a 1/2 pseudospin degree of freedom, which responses to the emergent gauge field the same way as the real spin to the electromagnetic field, emerges automatically. Furthermore, the composite particle-hole spinor theory has exactly the same form as the non-relativistic limit of the massless Dirac composite fermion theory after expanded to the four-component form and with a mass term added.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.10255