3 years ago

Microparticle and anti-influenza activity in human respiratory secretion

Prasert Auewarakul, Chompunuch Boonarkart, Ornpreya Suptawiwat, Komgrid Charngkaew, Kanyarat Ruangrung, Kittipong Maneechotesuwan, Pilaipan Puthavathana, Nusara Chomanee

by Ornpreya Suptawiwat, Kanyarat Ruangrung, Chompunuch Boonarkart, Pilaipan Puthavathana, Kittipong Maneechotesuwan, Komgrid Charngkaew, Nusara Chomanee, Prasert Auewarakul

Respiratory secretions, such as saliva and bronchoalveolar fluid, contain anti-influenza activity. Multiple soluble factors have been described that exert anti-influenza activity and are believed to be responsible for the anti-influenza activity in respiratory secretions. It was previously shown that a bronchial epithelial cell culture could produce exosome-like particles with anti-influenza activity. Whether such extracellular vesicles in respiratory secretions have anti-influenza activity is unknown. Therefore, we characterized bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and found microparticles, which mostly stained positive for epithelial cell markers and both α2,3- and α2,6-linked sialic acid. Microparticles were purified from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and shown to exhibit anti-influenza activity by a hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay and a neutralization (NT) assay. In addition, physical binding between influenza virions and microparticles was demonstrated by electron microscopy. These findings indicate that respiratory microparticles containing viral receptors can exert anti-viral activity by probably trapping viral particles. This innate mechanism may play an important role in the defense against respiratory viruses.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183717

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