3 years ago

Spherical cobalt/cobalt oxide - Carbon composite anodes for enhanced lithium-ion storage

Spherical cobalt/cobalt oxide - Carbon composite anodes for enhanced lithium-ion storage
Herein we report a simple and scalable route to synthesize porous cobalt/cobalt oxide - carbon sphere composites as anode material for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. It involves the impregnation of starch-derived hydrochar spheres with a cobalt salt, followed by a heat treatment (700 °C) under inert atmosphere. The obtained high surface area (∼670 m2 g−1), submicron spheres (∼300 nm diameter) with high-degree of microporosity (81%) consist of an amorphous carbon matrix with embedded Co/CoO nanoparticles (∼6 nm sized), having a total cobalt content of 6.2 wt%. The hybrid sphere anodes demonstrated superior specific capacity, rate performance and cycling stability. Discharge capacities of 520 and 310 mA h g−1 are observed at charge-discharge rates of 0.1 and 1C respectively. No significant capacity fading is identified on prolonged cycling at various current densities. The electrode also demonstratedexcellent structural stability during extended charge-discharge processes.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0013468618301440

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