Model compression for faster structural separation of macromolecules captured by Cellular Electron Cryo-Tomography.
Electron Cryo-Tomography (ECT) enables 3D visualization of macromolecule structure inside single cells. Macromolecule classification approaches based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) were developed to separate millions of macromolecules captured from ECT systematically. However, given the fast accumulation of ECT data, it will soon become necessary to use CNN models to efficiently and accurately separate substantially more macromolecules at the prediction stage, which requires additional computational costs. To speed up the prediction, we compress classification models into compact neural networks with little in accuracy for deployment. Specifically, we propose to perform model compression through knowledge distillation. Firstly, a complex teacher network is trained to generate soft labels with better classification feasibility followed by training of customized student networks with simple architectures using the soft label to compress model complexity. Our tests demonstrate that our compressed models significantly reduce the number of parameters and time cost while maintaining similar classification accuracy.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.10597