3 years ago

Molecular characterization of hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis from China by sequences of the internal transcribed spacers of ribosomal DNA

Tian-Yin Cheng, Guo-Hua Liu, Zhong-Bo Li


In the present study, the entire first and second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1 and ITS-2) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of Haemaphysalis longicornis from China were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. The 45 representative amplicons were sequenced, and sequence variation in the ITS was examined. The ITS sequences of H. longicornis were 3644 bp in size, including the part of 18S rDNA, 28S rDNA sequences and the complete ITS-1, 5.8S rDNA and ITS-2 sequences. Sequence analysis revealed that the ITS-1, 5.8S rDNA and ITS-2 of this hard tick were 1582, 152, and 1610 bp in size, respectively. The intra-specific sequence variations of ITS-1 and ITS-2 within H. longicornis were 0–2 and 0–2.2%; however, the inter-specific sequence differences among members of the genus Haemaphysalis were significantly higher, being 35.1–55.2 and 37–52% for ITS-1 and ITS-2, respectively. The molecular approach employed in this study provides the foundation for further studies of the genetic variation of H. longicornis from different hosts and geographical origins in China.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10493-018-0210-x

DOI: 10.1007/s10493-018-0210-x

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