3 years ago

Assessment study of ion-exchange chromatography combined with solution X-ray scattering measurement for protein characterization

The performance of ion-exchange chromatography combined with small-angle X-ray scattering measurement was evaluated by characterization of the hen egg white lysozyme as a model protein. The X-ray transmittance was estimated using a micro-ionization chamber equipped with a sample cell holder for the real-time monitoring of the X-ray beam strength through the salt gradient elution. The radius of gyration of the eluted protein was estimated to be 1.50 ± 0.06 (n = 3) nm and 1.4 ± 0.1 nm as the value at the zero protein concentration. By using the X-ray transmittance values for the scattering intensity correction, the molecular weight of the eluted protein was estimated to be 15,200 ± 500 (n = 3) and 14,400 ± 200 as the value at the zero protein concentration. These values are close to those of the monomer of this protein. The ion-exchange chromatography combined with the small-angle X-ray scattering measurement system equipped with the X-ray transmittance monitor is a reliable method for protein characterization in solution.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021967318300888

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