5 years ago

Nanosecond Dynamics at Protein Metal Sites: An Application of Perturbed Angular Correlation (PAC) of γ-Rays Spectroscopy

Nanosecond Dynamics at Protein Metal Sites: An Application of Perturbed Angular Correlation (PAC) of γ-Rays Spectroscopy
Stavroula Pallada, Joao G. Correia, Lars Hemmingsen, Jeppe T. Pedersen, Saumen Chakraborty, Attila Jancso
Metalloproteins are essential to numerous reactions in nature, and constitute approximately one-third of all known proteins. Molecular dynamics of proteins has been elucidated with great success both by experimental and theoretical methods, revealing atomic level details of function involving the organic constituents on a broad spectrum of time scales. However, the characterization of dynamics at biomolecular metal sites on nanosecond time scales is scarce in the literature. The aqua ions of many biologically relevant metal ions exhibit exchange of water molecules on the nanosecond time scale or faster, often defining their reactivity in aqueous solution, and this is presumably also a relevant time scale for the making and breaking of coordination bonds between metal ions and ligands at protein metal sites. Ligand exchange dynamics is critical for a variety of elementary steps of reactions in metallobiochemistry, for example, association and dissociation of metal bound water, association of substrate and dissociation of product in the catalytic cycle of metalloenzymes, at regulatory metal sites which require binding and dissociation of metal ions, as well as in the transport of metal ions across cell membranes or between proteins involved in metal ion homeostasis.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00219

DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00219

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