3 years ago

Comparison of speed-accuracy tradeoff between linear and non-linear filtering algorithms for myocontrol.

Adam Murray Feinman, Natalie G Ramsy, Terence David Sanger, Cassie Nguyen Borish, Matteo Bertucco
Non-linear Bayesian filtering of surface electromyography (EMG) can provide a stable output signal with little delay and the ability to change rapidly, making it a potential control input for prosthetic or communication devices. We hypothesized that myocontrol follows Fitts' Law, and that Bayesian filtered EMG would improve movement times and success rates when compared with linearly filtered EMG. We tested the two filters using a Fitts' Law speed-accuracy paradigm in a one-muscle myocontrol task with EMG captured from the dominant first dorsal interosseous muscle. Cursor position in one dimension was proportional to EMG. Six indices of difficulty (IDs) were tested, varying the target size and distance. We examined two performance measures: movement time (MT) and success rate. The filter had a significant effect on both MT and success. MT followed Fitts' Law and the speed-accuracy relationship exhibited a significantly higher channel capacity when using the Bayesian filter. Subjects seemed to be less cautious using the Bayesian filter due to its lower error rate and smoother control. These findings suggest that Bayesian filtering may be a useful component for myoelectrically-controlled prosthetics or communication devices.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00188.2017

DOI: 10.1152/jn.00188.2017

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