5 years ago

Synthesis of spiro quasi[1]catenanes and quasi[1]rotaxanes via a templated backfolding strategy

Synthesis of spiro quasi[1]catenanes and quasi[1]rotaxanes via a templated backfolding strategy
Martin Lutz, Jan H. van Maarseveen, Martin J. Wanner, Luuk Steemers, Henk Hiemstra
Due to their well-defined three-dimensional geometry, spiro compounds are widely utilized in drug research. From the central tetrahedral carbon atom, besides the regular structure, an inverted spiro connectivity may be envisioned. Here we disclose the synthesis of this molecule class that we have coined quasi[1]catenanes. Next to their fascinating and aesthetic shape, the higher compactness as compared to regular spiro bicycles is noteworthy. To enable synthetic access to compact entangled multimacrocyclic molecules, we have developed a new strategy. The key element is a template, which is covalently connected to the linear precursors, and spatially directs the sterically congested backfolding macrocyclizations that are required to give quasi[1]catenanes. Similarly, quasi[1]rotaxanes are made.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15392

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15392

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