3 years ago

Gallium-rich Pd–Ga phases as supported liquid metal catalysts

Gallium-rich Pd–Ga phases as supported liquid metal catalysts
N. Taccardi, A. Görling, J. Erhard, M. Distaso, C. Neiss, W. Peukert, F. Maier, R. Hock, M. Brandl, M. Grabau, J. Debuschewitz, C. Papp, P. Wasserscheid, H.-P. Steinrück
A strategy to develop improved catalysts is to create systems that merge the advantages of heterogeneous and molecular catalysis. One such system involves supported liquid-phase catalysts, which feature a molecularly defined, catalytically active liquid film/droplet layer adsorbed on a porous solid support. In the past decade, this concept has also been extended to supported ionic liquid-phase catalysts. Here we develop this idea further and describe supported catalytically active liquid metal solutions (SCALMS). We report a liquid mixture of gallium and palladium deposited on porous glass that forms an active catalyst for alkane dehydrogenation that is resistant to coke formation and is thus highly stable. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, supported by theoretical calculations, confirm the liquid state of the catalytic phase under the reaction conditions. Unlike traditional heterogeneous catalysts, the supported liquid metal reported here is highly dynamic and catalysis does not proceed at the surface of the metal nanoparticles, but presumably at homogeneously distributed metal atoms at the surface of a liquid metallic phase.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nchem.2822

DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2822

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