3 years ago

Development of a Recombinant Multifunctional Biomacromolecule for Targeted Gene Transfer to Prostate Cancer Cells

Development of a Recombinant Multifunctional Biomacromolecule for Targeted Gene Transfer to Prostate Cancer Cells
Arash Hatefi, Zahra Karjoo, Alireza Nomani
The objective of this study was to genetically engineer a fully functional single chain fusion peptide composed of motifs from diverse biological and synthetic origins that can perform multiple tasks including DNA condensation, cell targeting, cell transfection, particle shielding from immune system and effective gene transfer to prostate tumors. To achieve the objective, a single chain biomacromolecule (vector) consisted of four repeatative units of histone H2A peptide, fusogenic peptide GALA, short elastin-like peptide, and PC-3 cell targeting peptide was designed. To examine the functionality of each motif in the vector sequence, it was characterized in terms of size and zeta potential by Zetasizer, PC-3 cell targeting and transfection by flowcytometry, IgG induction by immunogenicity assay, and PC-3 tumor transfection by quantitative live animal imaging. Overall, the results of this study showed the possibility of using genetic engineering techniques to program various functionalities into one single chain vector and create a multifunctional nonimmunogenic biomacromolecule for targeted gene transfer to prostate cancer cells. This proof-of-concept study is a significant step forward toward creating a library of vectors for targeted gene transfer to any cancer cell type at both in vitro and in vivo levels.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00739

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00739

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