3 years ago

Air-Stable Porous Fe2N Encapsulated in Carbon Microboxes with High Volumetric Lithium Storage Capacity and a Long Cycle Life

Air-Stable Porous Fe2N Encapsulated in Carbon Microboxes with High Volumetric Lithium Storage Capacity and a Long Cycle Life
Bingliang Wang, Kangning Zhao, Yanhao Yu, Xudong Wang, Liqiang Mai, Song Jin, Yifan Dong
The development of inexpensive electrode materials with a high volumetric capacity and long cycle-life is a central issue for large-scale lithium-ion batteries. Here, we report a nanostructured porous Fe2N anode fully encapsulated in carbon microboxes (Fe2N@C) prepared through a facile confined anion conversion from polymer coated Fe2O3 microcubes. The resulting carbon microboxes could not only protect the air-sensitive Fe2N from oxidation but also retain thin and stable SEI layer. The appropriate internal voids in the Fe2N cubes help to release the volume expansion during lithiation/delithiation processes, and Fe2N is kept inside the carbon microboxes without breaking the shell, resulting in a very low electrode volume expansion (the electrode thickness variation upon lithiation is ∼9%). Therefore, the Fe2N@C electrodes maintain high volumetric capacity (1030 mA h cm–3 based on the lithiation-state electrode volume) comparable to silicon anodes, stable cycling performance (a capacity retention of over 91% for 2500 cycles), and excellent rate performance. Kinetic analysis reveals that the Fe2N@C shows an enhanced contribution of capacitive charge mechanism and displays typical pseudocapacitive behavior. This work provides a new direction on designing and constructing nanostructured electrodes and protective layer for air unstable conversion materials for potential applications as a lithium-ion battery/capacitor electrode.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02698

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02698

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.