3 years ago

Electrolyte Based on Easily Synthesized, Low Cost Triphenolate–Borohydride Salt for High Performance Mg(TFSI)2-Glyme Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries

Electrolyte Based on Easily Synthesized, Low Cost Triphenolate–Borohydride Salt for High Performance Mg(TFSI)2-Glyme Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries
Fannie Alloin, Hoang Phuong Khanh Ngo, Romain Berthelot, Jean-Claude Leprêtre, Seydou Hebié, Laure Cointeaux, Cristina Iojoiu
A new class of electrolyte based on TFSI and triphenolate–borohydride anions was designed and produced which fulfill all requirements of easy synthesis, high ionic conductivity, wide potential window, and noncorrosion of Al current collector. The electrolyte composed of magnesium triphenolate borohydride and Mg(TFSI)2 in glyme simultaneously displays a high conductivity of 5.5 mS cm–1 at 25 °C and a reversible Mg plating/stripping with high current density and Coulombic efficiency at room temperature. By addition of a slight amount of MgCl2 to this electrolyte, a Coulombic efficiency of 90% in an SS/Mg cell, stable cycling performance, and a wide anodic potential of 3.4 V vs Mg2+/Mg on Al current collector can be reached. Reversible and efficient Mg insertion/deinsertion with a high capacity of 94 mAh g–1 and 96% Coulombic efficiency was obtained in a Mo6S8 Chevrel cathode phase.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06022

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06022

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