4 years ago

Ion-Imprinted Mesoporous Silica for Selective Removal of Uranium from Highly Acidic and Radioactive Effluent

Ion-Imprinted Mesoporous Silica for Selective Removal of Uranium from Highly Acidic and Radioactive Effluent
Daoben Hua, Liangju Kuang, Jun Qian, Sen Yang
It is strategically important to recycle uranium from radioactive liquid wastes for future uranium supply of nuclear energy. However, it is still a challenge to adsorb uranium selectively from highly acidic and radioactive waste. In this paper, we report a novel strategy for effective uranium removal from highly acidic and radioactive media by surface ion-imprinted mesoporous silica sorbent. The sorbent was successfully synthesized by a co-condensation method with uranyl as the template ion and diethylphosphatoethyltriethoxysilane as the functional ligands. The pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir model showed better correlation with the sorption kinetic and isotherm data, and the sorption equilibrium could be reached within 40 min, the maximum adsorption capacity from Langmuir model was 80 mg/g in 1 mol/L nitric acid (HNO3) solution at 298.15 K. The sorbent showed faster kinetics and higher selectivity toward uranium over other ions compared with nonimprinted mesoporous and other previous sorbents. Furthermore, the ion-imprinted materials exhibited remarkable radioresistance stability and could be regenerated efficiently after five cycles. This work may provide a new approach for highly efficient sorption of uranium from strong HNO3 and radioactive media.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09419

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b09419

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