5 years ago

In Situ Generation of Photosensitive Silver Halide for Improving the Conductivity of Electrically Conductive Adhesives

In Situ Generation of Photosensitive Silver Halide for Improving the Conductivity of Electrically Conductive Adhesives
Taotao Li, Chaowei Li, Zhuo Li, Yagang Yao, Kai Zhang, Jingxin Zhao, Qiulong Li, Songfeng E, Jun Zhang, Xiaoyang Long
Electrically conductive adhesives (ECAs) can be regarded as one of the most promising materials to replace tin/lead solder. However, relatively low conductivity seriously restricts their applications. In the present study, we develop an effective method to decrease the bulk electrical resistivity of ECAs. KI or KBr is added to replace the lubricant and silver oxide layers on silver flakes and to form photosensitive silver halide. After exposure to sunlight, silver halide can photodecompose into silver nanoparticles that will sinter and form metallic bonding between/among flakes during the curing process of ECAs, which would remarkably reduce the resistivity. The modified micro silver flakes play a crucial role in decreasing the electrical resistivity of the corresponding ECAs, exhibiting the lowest resistivity of 7.6 × 10–5 Ω·cm for 70 wt % loaded ECAs. The obtained ECAs can have wide applications in the electronics industry, where high conductance is required.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b07045

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07045

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