4 years ago

High-Strength, Tough, and Self-Healing Nanocomposite Physical Hydrogels Based on the Synergistic Effects of Dynamic Hydrogen Bond and Dual Coordination Bonds

High-Strength, Tough, and Self-Healing Nanocomposite Physical Hydrogels Based on the Synergistic Effects of Dynamic Hydrogen Bond and Dual Coordination Bonds
Feng Xu, Meng Wang, Jun Yang, Huanliang Chang, Changyou Shao
Dynamic noncovalent interactions with reversible nature are critical for the integral synthesis of self-healing biological materials. In this work, we developed a simple one-pot strategy to prepare a fully physically cross-linked nanocomposite hydrogel through the formation of the hydrogen bonds and dual metal-carboxylate coordination bonds within supramolecular networks, in which iron ions (Fe3+) and TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) acted as cross-linkers and led to the improved mechanical strength, toughness, time-dependent self-recovery capability and self-healing property. The spectroscopic analysis and rheological measurements corroborated the existence of hydrogen bonds and dual coordination bonds. The mechanical tests and microscopic morphology were explored to elucidate the recovery properties and toughening mechanisms. The hydrogen bonds tend to preferentially break prior to the coordination bonds associated complexes that act as skeleton to maintain primary structure integrity, and the survived coordination bonds with dynamic feature also serve as sacrificial bonds to dissipate another amount of energy after the rupture of hydrogen bonds, which collectively maximize the contribution of sacrificial bonds to energy dissipation while affording elasticity. Additionally, the multiple noncovalent interactions in diverse types synergistically serve as dynamic but highly stable associations, leading to the effective self-healing efficiency over 90% after damage. We expect that this facile strategy of incorporating the biocompatible and biodegradable CNFs as building blocks may enrich the avenue in exploration of dynamic and tunable cellulosic hydrogels to expand their potential applications in the biomedical field.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09614

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b09614

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