3 years ago

Polymeric Self-Assembled Monolayers Anomalously Improve Thermal Transport across Graphene/Polymer Interfaces

Polymeric Self-Assembled Monolayers Anomalously Improve Thermal Transport across Graphene/Polymer Interfaces
Lin Zhang, Ling Liu
Ultralow thermal conductivities of bulk polymers greatly limit their applications in areas demanding fast heat dissipation, such as flexible electronics and microelectronics. Therefore, polymeric composites incorporating highly thermally conductive filler materials (e.g., graphene and carbon nanotubes) have been produced to address the issue. However, despite some enhancement, thermal conductivities of these materials are still far below theoretical predictions, mainly due to the inefficient thermal transport across material interfaces. Here, using molecular dynamics simulations, we demonstrate that polyethylene (PE) self-assembled monolayer (SAM) functionalized graphene surfaces at a high grafting density can drastically improve interfacial thermal conduction between graphene and the matrix of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). In contrast to abrupt temperature drop across pristine graphene/PMMA interfaces, temperature field in the vicinity of a PE-grafted graphene/PMMA interface is continuous with a smoother transition and higher thermal conductance. This anomalous improvement is attributed to three factors that closely relate to the grafting density of the SAM of PE. First, the SAM with high grafting densities features highly extended chains that enhance along-chain thermal conduction. Second, the strong covalent bonding between the SAM and the graphene facilitates heat transfer at their joints. Third, the SAM and the PMMA matrix are both organic materials, leading to enhanced interfacial vibrational coupling. Molecular mechanisms underpinning these phenomena are systematically elucidated by analyzing the temperature field, density distribution, Herman’s orientation factor, the vibrational density of states, cumulative correlation factor, the integrated autocorrelation of interfacial heat power, and interfacial adhesion. All results suggest the incorporation of SAMs at a high grafting density or extremely extended polymer brushes for drastically improved interfacial thermal transport between hard and soft materials toward a wide range of applications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09605

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b09605

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.