5 years ago

Structure–Activity Study of Ghrelin(1–8) Resulting in High Affinity Fluorine-Bearing Ligands for the Ghrelin Receptor

Structure–Activity Study of Ghrelin(1–8) Resulting in High Affinity Fluorine-Bearing Ligands for the Ghrelin Receptor
Savita Dhanvantari, Mark S. McFarland, Leonard G. Luyt, Carlie L. Charron, Michael S. Kovacs, Jinqiang Hou
The ghrelin receptor, also known as the growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a), is a G-protein-coupled receptor that is differentially expressed in healthy tissue and several cancers, including prostate, testicular, and ovarian. Selectively targeting the ghrelin receptor using fluorine-18 tagged entities would allow localization and visualization of ghrelin receptor expressing carcinomas using PET imaging. The endogenous ligand ghrelin, a 28 amino acid peptide with 3.1 nM affinity, has poor in vivo stability. Here we report on ghrelin(1–8) analogues bearing modifications at residues 1, 3, 4, and 8. The lead analogue, [Inp1,Dpr3(6-fluoro-2-naphthoate),1-Nal4,Thr8]ghrelin(1–8), possessed an IC50 value of 0.11 nM that is a 28-fold improvement compared to the natural ligand. A novel 6-fluoro-2-pentafluorophenyl naphthoate (PFPN) prosthetic group was synthesized to incorporate fluorine-18 for PET imaging. This is not only the highest affinity ghrelin analogue reported but also the shortest ghrelin analogue capable of binding GHS-R1a with better affinity than ghrelin(1–28).

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00164

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00164

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.