3 years ago

Immobilization of Privileged Triazolium Carbene Catalyst for Batch and Flow Stereoselective Umpolung Processes

Immobilization of Privileged Triazolium Carbene Catalyst for Batch and Flow Stereoselective Umpolung Processes
Olga Bortolini, Daniele Ragno, Alessandro Massi, Arianna Brandolese, Pier Paolo Giovannini, Graziano Di Carmine
A strategy for the immobilization of the valuable triazolium carbene Rovis catalyst onto polystyrene and silica supports is presented. Initially, the catalyst activity and recyclability were tested under batch conditions in the model stereoselective intramolecular Stetter reaction leading to optically active chromanones. Good results in terms of yield (95%) and enantioselectivity (ee 81–95%) were detected for the polystyrene-supported catalyst (10 mol %), while poorer results were collected for the silica-supported analogue. Also, continuous-flow experiments were performed by fabricating the corresponding polystyrene monolithic microreactors (pressure-resistant stainless-steel columns) to prove the benefits of the heterogeneous catalysis and the flow regime observing a high stability of the catalytic bed (48 h) with unaltered conversion efficiency and stereoselectivity.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b02164

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b02164

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