5 years ago

Mechanisms of Polymer Adsorption onto Solid Substrates

Mechanisms of Polymer Adsorption onto Solid Substrates
Simone Napolitano, Weide Huang, Michele Sferrazza, Jean-Paul Ryckaert, Philippe Vandestrick, David Nieto Simavilla
Controlling polymer/substrate interfaces without modifying chemistry is nowadays possible by finely tuning the formation of adsorbed layers. The complex processes leading to irreversible attachment of chains onto solid substrates are governed by two mechanisms: molecular rearrangement and potential-driven adsorption. Here we introduce an analytical method to differentiate these two mechanisms. By analyzing experiments and simulations, we investigate how changes in thermal energy and interaction potential affect equilibrium and nonequilibrium components of the adsorption kinetics. We find that the adsorption process is thermally activated, with activation energy comparable to that of local noncooperative processes. On the other hand, the final adsorbed amount depends on the interface interaction only (i.e., it is temperature independent in experiments). We identify a universal linear relation between the growth rates at short and long adsorption times, suggesting that the monomer pinning mechanism is independent of surface coverage, while the progressive limitation of free sites significantly limits the adsorption rate.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmacrolett.7b00473

DOI: 10.1021/acsmacrolett.7b00473

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