5 years ago

Direct kinetic comparison of the two cellobiohydrolases Cel6A and Cel7A from Hypocrea jecorina

Direct kinetic comparison of the two cellobiohydrolases Cel6A and Cel7A from Hypocrea jecorina
Cellulose degrading fungi such as Hypocrea jecorina secrete several cellulases including the two cellobiohydrolases (CBHs) Cel6A and Cel7A. The two CBHs differ in catalytic mechanism, attack different ends, belong to different families, but are both processive multi-domain enzymes that are essential in the hydrolysis of cellulose. Here we present a direct kinetic comparison of these two enzymes acting on insoluble cellulose. We used both continuous- and end-point assays under either enzyme- or substrate excess, and found distinct kinetic differences between the two CBHs. Cel6A was catalytically superior with a maximal rate over four times higher than Cel7A. Conversely, the ability of Cel6A to attack diverse structures on the cellulose surface was inferior to Cel7A. This latter difference was pronounced as the density of attack sites for Cel7A was almost an order of magnitude higher compared to Cel6A. We conclude that Cel6A is a fast but selective enzyme and that Cel7A is slower, but promiscuous. One consequence of this is that Cel6A is more effective when substrate is plentiful, while Cel7A excels when substrate is limiting. These diverse kinetic properties of Cel6A and Cel7A might elucidate why both cellobiohydrolases are prominent in cellulolytic degrading fungi.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1570963917301966

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.