5 years ago

Diffractive Protein Gratings as Optically Active Transducers for High-Throughput Label-free Immunosensing

Diffractive Protein Gratings as Optically Active Transducers for High-Throughput Label-free Immunosensing
Rosa Puchades, Javier Carrascosa, Ángel Maquieira, Miquel Avella-Oliver
A novel label-free biosensing approach based on bioreceptor networks patterned as diffractive gratings (biogratings) has been developed. Nanogrooved structures were used as optically active scaffolds for producing arrays of functional BSA biogratings on low energy surfaces by a water-assisted variant of microcontact printing. An analytical scanner, comprising a LightScribe compact disk drive, was developed to measure the diffraction patterns of these biogratings, thus allowing biointeractions to be quantitatively sensed in a multiplex and label-free fashion by means of diffraction efficiency changes. The approach was demonstrated by immunoassaying IgGs, reaching well-correlated responses with quantification and detection limits of 1.3 and 5.2 nM, respectively. These results provide appealing insights into cost-effective, portable, and scalable alternatives for designing new analytical technologies based on diffractive gratings of bioreceptors.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01649

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01649

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