3 years ago

SOCS1 regulates hepatic regenerative response and provides prognostic makers for acute obstructive cholangitis

Jianhua Yu, Hongwei Qian, Baochun Lu, Haijun Tang, Weiguo Lin, Weiguang Zhang
Acute obstructive cholangitis (AOC) is a common and severe infectious diseases that occurs in an obstructed biliary system. The suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family include well-known negative regulators of cytokine receptor signaling. However, few studies have been conducted to determine their function in AOC. In this study, we showed that SOCS1 expression aberrantly changed and was associated with AOC prognosis in rat models. Decreased SOCS1 expression enhances regenerative response after biliary drainage (BD) resulting from AOC by upregulating hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) signaling. To detect SOCS1 expression in the liver less invasively and to predict the prognosis for AOC after BD, miR-221 and miR-222 were investigated. Ectopic SOCS1 expression indirectly decreases miR-221/222 expression through Met in vitro. An inverse correlation between SOCS1 expression and miR-221/222 expression in liver tissue or in serum was verified in rats. Serum from AOC patients showed that lower expression of circulating miR-221/222 after endoscopic nasobiliary drainage was associated with delayed restoration of liver function. Our results showed that SOCS1 regulates hepatic regenerative response, and indirectly detecting downstream molecules, such as miR-221/222, may provide prognostic makers for AOC.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-09865-z

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-09865-z

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