5 years ago

A Sliding-Mode Triboelectric Nanogenerator with Chemical Group Grated Structure by Shadow Mask Reactive Ion Etching

A Sliding-Mode Triboelectric Nanogenerator with Chemical Group Grated Structure by Shadow Mask Reactive Ion Etching
Gang Cheng, Zu-liang Du, Feng Yang, Lei Zhao, Guang Qin Gu, Wanyu Shang, Zhong Lin Wang
The sliding-mode triboelectric nanogenerator (S-TENG) with grated structure has important applications in energy harvest and active sensors; however its concavo-convex structure leads to large frictional resistance and abrasion. Here, we developed a S-TENG with a chemical group grated structure (S-TENG-CGG), in which the triboelectric layer’s triboelectric potential has a positive–negative alternating charged structure. The triboelectric layer of the S-TENG-CGG was fabricated through a reactive ion etching process with a metal shadow mask with grated structure. In the etched region, the nylon film, originally positively charged as in friction with stainless steel, gained opposite triboelectric potential and became negatively charged because of the change of surface functional groups. The output signals of the S-TENG-CGG are alternating and the frequency is determined by both the segment numbers and the moving speed. The applications of the S-TENG-CGG in the charging capacitor and driving calculator are demonstrated. In the S-TENG-CGG, since there is no concavo-convex structure, the frictional resistance and abrasion are largely reduced, which enhances its performances in better stability and longer working time.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b02866

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b02866

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