3 years ago

Conformational dynamics of dynamin-like MxA revealed by single-molecule FRET

Conformational dynamics of dynamin-like MxA revealed by single-molecule FRET
Yang Chen, Bing Yu, Lei Zhang, Georg Kochs, Yue Liu, Song Gao, Laura Graf, Yongfang Zhao
Human myxovirus resistance protein 1 (MxA) restricts a wide range of viruses and is closely related to the membrane-remodelling GTPase dynamin. The functions of MxA rely on domain rearrangements coupled with GTP hydrolysis cycles. To gain insight into this process, we studied real-time domain dynamics of MxA by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer. We find that the GTPase domain-bundle-signalling-element (BSE) region can adopt either an ‘open’ or a ‘closed’ conformation in all nucleotide-loading conditions. Whereas the open conformation is preferred in nucleotide-free, GDP·AlF4-bound and GDP-bound forms, loading of GTP activates the relative movement between the two domains and alters the conformational preference to the ‘closed’ state. Moreover, frequent relative movement was observed between BSE and stalk via hinge 1. On the basis of these results, we suggest how MxA molecules within a helical polymer collectively generate a stable torque through random GTP hydrolysis cycles. Our study provides mechanistic insights into fundamental cellular events such as viral resistance and endocytosis.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15744

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15744

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