5 years ago

Intuitive Label-Free SERS Detection of Bacteria Using Aptamer-Based in Situ Silver Nanoparticles Synthesis

Intuitive Label-Free SERS Detection of Bacteria Using Aptamer-Based in Situ Silver Nanoparticles Synthesis
Qianxue Li, Weicun Gao, Bo Zhou, Xiaolin Dong, Zhiping Xia, Nan Li, Han Qu, Xiwen Wang, Ruizhi Yao, Hang Chi, Zhiping Li, Bo Li
The characteristic of an ideal bacteria-detection method should have high sensitivity and specificity, be easy to operate, and not have a time-consuming culture process. In this study, we report a new bacteria-detection strategy that can recognize bacteria quickly and directly by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with the formation of well-defined bacteria-aptamer@AgNPs. SERS signals generated by bacteria-aptamer@AgNPs exhibited a linear dependence on bacteria (R2 = 0.9671) concentration ranging from 101 to 107 cfu/mL. The detection limit is sensitive down to 1.5 cfu/mL. Meanwhile, the bacteria SERS signal was dramatically enhanced by its specifically recognized aptamer, and the bacteria could be identified directly and visually through the SERS spectrum. This strategy eliminates the puzzling data analysis of previous studies and offers significant advantages over existing approaches, getting a critical step toward the creation of SERS-based biochips for rapid in situ bacteria detection in mixture samples.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01813

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01813

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