3 years ago

Synthesis of poly(acrylonitrile-co-divinylbenzene-co-vinylbenzyl chloride)-derived hypercrosslinked polymer microspheres and a preliminary evaluation of their potential for the solid-phase capture of pharmaceuticals

Synthesis of poly(acrylonitrile-co-divinylbenzene-co-vinylbenzyl chloride)-derived hypercrosslinked polymer microspheres and a preliminary evaluation of their potential for the solid-phase capture of pharmaceuticals
Peter A. G. Cormack, Luqman Chuah Abdullah, Rusli Daik, Siti Nurul Ain Md. Jamil, Nur Nida Syamimi Subri
Poly[acrylonitrile (AN)-co-divinylbenzene (DVB)-co-vinylbenzyl chloride (VBC)] terpolymers were synthesized by precipitation polymerization in the form of porous polymer microspheres. The poly(AN-co-DVB-co-VBC) polymers were then hypercrosslinked, via a Friedel-Crafts reaction with FeCl3 in nitrobenzene, to provide a significant uplift in the specific surface areas of the polymers. FT-IR spectra of the hypercrosslinked poly(AN-co-DVB-co-VBC)s showed that the chloromethyl groups derived from VBC were consumed by the Friedel-Crafts reactions, which was consistent with successful hypercrosslinking. Hypercrosslinking installed a number of new, small pores into the polymers, as evidenced by a dramatic increase in the specific surface areas upon hypercrosslinking (from ∼530 to 1080 m2 g−1). The hypercrosslinked polymers are very interesting for a range of applications, not least of all for solid-phase extraction (SPE) work, where the convenient physical form of the polymers (beaded format), their low mean particle diameters, and narrow particle size distributions, as well as their high specific surface areas and polar character (arising from the AN residues), make them attractive candidates as SPE sorbents. In this regard, in a preliminary study one of the hypercrosslinked polymers was utilized as an SPE sorbent for the capture of the polar pharmaceutical diclofenac from a polar environment. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45677.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45677

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