5 years ago

Transposon Sequencing Uncovers an Essential Regulatory Function of Phosphoribulokinase for Methylotrophy

Transposon Sequencing Uncovers an Essential Regulatory Function of Phosphoribulokinase for Methylotrophy
Beat Christen, Lucas Hemmerle, Matthias Christen, Rémi Peyraud, Andrea M. Ochsner, Julia A. Vorholt


Methylotrophy is the ability of organisms to grow at the expense of reduced one-carbon compounds, such as methanol or methane. Here, we used transposon sequencing combining hyper-saturated transposon mutagenesis with high-throughput sequencing to define the essential methylotrophy genome of Methylobacterium extorquens PA1, a model methylotroph. To distinguish genomic regions required for growth only on methanol from general required genes, we contrasted growth on methanol with growth on succinate, a non-methylotrophic reference substrate. About 500,000 insertions were mapped for each condition, resulting in a median insertion distance of five base pairs. We identified 147 genes and 76 genes as specific for growth on methanol and succinate, respectively, and a set of 590 genes as required under both growth conditions. For the integration of metabolic functions, we reconstructed a genome-scale metabolic model and performed in silico essentiality analysis. In total, the approach uncovered 95 genes not previously described as crucial for methylotrophy, including genes involved in respiration, carbon metabolism, transport, and regulation. Strikingly, regardless of the absence of the Calvin cycle in the methylotroph, the screen led to the identification of the gene for phosphoribulokinase as essential during growth on methanol, but not during growth on succinate. Genetic experiments in addition to metabolomics and proteomics revealed that phosphoribulokinase serves a key regulatory function. Our data support a model according to which ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate is an essential metabolite that induces a transcriptional regulator driving one-carbon assimilation.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(17)30883-7

DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.025

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