3 years ago

Sphingomonads in Microbe-Assisted Phytoremediation: Tackling Soil Pollution

Sphingomonads in Microbe-Assisted Phytoremediation: Tackling Soil Pollution
Michael Gatheru Waigi, Yanzheng Gao, Kai Sun

Soil pollution has become a major concern in various terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. One in situ soil bioremediation strategy that has gained popularity recently is microbe-assisted phytoremediation, which is promising for remediating pollutants. Sphingomonads, a versatile bacteria group comprising four well-known genera, are ubiquitous in vegetation grown in contaminated soils. These Gram-negative microbes have been investigated for their ability to induce innate plant growth-promoting (PGP) traits, including the formation of phytohormones, siderophores, and chelators, in addition to their evolutionary adaptations enabling biodegradation and microbe-assisted removal of contaminants. However, their capacity for bacterial-assisted phytoremediation has to date been undervalued. Here, we highlight the specific features, roles, advantages, and challenges associated with using sphingomonads in plant–microbe interactions, from the perspective of future phytotechnologies.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/trends/biotechnology/fulltext/S0167-7799(17)30163-4

DOI: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2017.06.014

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