4 years ago

Modulation of protein function in membrane mimetics: Characterization of P. denitrificans cNOR in nanodiscs or liposomes

Modulation of protein function in membrane mimetics: Characterization of P. denitrificans cNOR in nanodiscs or liposomes
For detailed functional characterization, membrane proteins are usually studied in detergent. However, it is becoming clear that detergent micelles are often poor mimics of the lipid environment in which these proteins function. In this work we compared the catalytic properties of the membrane-embedded cytochrome c-dependent nitric oxide reductase (cNOR) from Paracoccus (P.) denitrificans in detergent, lipid/protein nanodiscs, and proteoliposomes. We used two different lipid mixtures, an extract of soybean lipids and a defined mix of synthetic lipids mimicking the original P. denitrificans membrane. We show that the catalytic activity of detergent-solubilized cNOR increased threefold upon reconstitution from detergent into proteoliposomes with the P. denitrificans lipid mixture, and above two-fold when soybean lipids were used. In contrast, there was only a small activity increase in nanodiscs. We further show that binding of the gaseous ligands CO and O2 are affected differently by reconstitution. In proteoliposomes the turnover rates are affected much more than in nanodiscs, but CO-binding is more significantly accelerated in liposomes with soybean lipids, while O2-binding is faster with the P. denitrificans lipid mix. We also investigated proton-coupled electron transfer during the reaction between fully reduced cNOR and O2, and found that the pK a of the internal proton donor was increased in proteoliposomes but not in nanodiscs. Taking our results together, the liposome-reconstituted enzyme shows significant differences to detergent-solubilized protein. Nanodiscs show much more subtle effects, presumably because of their much lower lipid to protein ratio. Which of these two membrane-mimetic systems best mimics the native membrane is discussed.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0005273617302225

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.