3 years ago

Fatty acid-based lipidomics and membrane remodeling induced by apoE3 and apoE4 in human neuroblastoma cells

Fatty acid-based lipidomics and membrane remodeling induced by apoE3 and apoE4 in human neuroblastoma cells
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a major lipid carrier of the lipoprotein transport system that plays critical roles in various pathologies. Human apoE has three common isoforms, the apoE4 being associated with Alzheimer's disease. This is the first study in the literature investigating the effects of apoE (apoE3 and apoE4 isoforms) on membrane fatty acid profile in neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. Fatty acid analyses were carried out by gas chromatography of the corresponding methyl esters (FAME). We observed the occurrence of membrane fatty acid remodeling in the presence of each of the two apoE isoforms. ApoE3 increased the membrane level of stearic acid and dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), whereas apoE4 had opposite effects. Both apoE3 and apoE4 increased saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids (SFA and MUFA), omega-6/omega-3 ratio and decreased total polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) amount, but with various intensities. Moreover, both apoE isoforms decreased membrane homeostasis indexes such as PUFA balance, unsaturation index and peroxidation index. Our results highlight membrane property changes connected to the apoE isoforms suggesting membrane lipidomics to be inserted in further model studies of apolipoproteins in health and disease.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0005273617302250

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