3 years ago

Biceps tenotomy in the presence of a supraspinatus tear alters the adjacent intact tendons and glenoid cartilage

A rotator cuff tear is a common injury in athletes and workers who repeatedly perform overhead movements, and it is not uncommon for this demographic to return to activity shortly after treatment. A biceps tenotomy is often performed in the presence of a rotator cuff tear to help reduce pain and improve joint function. However, the effect of this procedure on the surrounding tissues in the glenohumeral joint is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a biceps tenotomy in the presence of a supraspinatus rotator cuff tear followed by overuse activity on ambulatory function and mechanical and histologic properties of the remaining rotator cuff tendons and glenohumeral cartilage. 46 rats underwent 4 weeks of overuse activity to create a tendinopathic condition, then were randomized into two groups: unilateral detachment of the supraspinatus tendon or detachment of the supraspinatus and long head of the biceps tendons. Ambulatory measurements were performed throughout the 8 weeks prior to euthanasia, followed by analysis of the properties of the remaining intact tendons and glenohumeral cartilage. Results demonstrate that shoulder function was not effected in the biceps tenotomy group. However, the intact tendons and glenohumeral cartilage showed altered mechanical and histologic properties. This study provides evidence in an animal model that does not support the use of tenotomy in the presence of a supraspinatus tendon rotator cuff tear, and provides a framework for physicians to better prescribe long-term treatment strategies for patients.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021929017304335

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