4 years ago

Hemodynamic characteristics of flow around a deformable stenosis

Clinical studies reported that some vulnerable stenoses deformed their shape in a blood vessel based on flow condition. However, the effects of shape variation on flow characteristics remain unclear. The flow characteristics are known to affect vulnerable stenosis rupture and fractional flow reserve (FFR) value which has been widely used as a diagnostic tool for stenosis. Vulnerable stenosis rupture occurs when the structural stress exerted on a fibrous cap exceeds its tolerable threshold. The stress magnitude is determined from the spatial distribution of static pressure around the stenosis. In the present study, the static pressure distribution and the FFR value in deformable stenosis were investigated with related other flow characteristics. Two phantom models were fabricated to mimic deformable and nondeformable stenoses using polydimethylsiloxane. The flow characteristics were observed under a steady-flow condition at three Reynolds numbers (Re=500, 1000, 1500) using a particle image velocimetry. The pressure drop across the stenosis models were measured using a pressure sensor to determine effects of shape deformation on FFR value. Shape variations and jet deflections were clearly observed in the deformable stenosis model, and the effective severity of the stenosis increased up to 17.2%. The shape variations of deformable stenosis model increased the static pressure difference at the upstream and downstream sides of the stenosis. The pressure drop across the deformable stenosis model was significantly higher than that of the nondeformable stenosis model. The present results substantiate that stenosis deformability should be carefully considered to diagnose the rupture of vulnerable stenosis.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021929017304062

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